Arkansas Gardening Calendar

JANUARY

  • Throw away your poinsettia!  Give it up and buy another one next Christmas!
  • Don’t let plants freeze dry! Make sure plant roots are wet during times of low temperatures
  • Spot treat winter weeds with appropriate herbicide such as Ferti-Lome Weed Free Zone.
  • Spray horticultural oil for insect control.

FEBRUARY

  • Visit the Arkansas Flower & Garden Show for ideas! For information, go to the website.
  • Apply pre-emergeant weed control such as Hi Yield Turf & Ornamental Weed & Grass Preventer before the end of the month.
  • Spot treat winter weeds with appropriate herbicide such as Ferti-Lome Weed Free Zone.
  • Prune ornamental grasses, summer blooming spireas, and crape myrtles.  Clean up any evergreen perennials before new growth begins.
  • Wait to prune Spring flowering plants like azaleas, gardenias, hydrangeas and forsythia until after blooming.
  • Add fertilizer to your bulb plants as the flower stalks begin to emerge, with a complete fertilizer like 13-13-13 or 20-20-20.
  • Pansies and violas will be on the rebound as the days get warmer, so remember to fertilize to insure good blooming through the end of the season.
  • Don’t forget to prune your fruits, including blueberries, grape vines, and fruit trees.  Wait until late in the month to prune the fruit trees.
  • If you were reading that last tip and wishing for fruit trees, this is a great month to plant them!
  • Roses need pruning this month too.  Prune your Knock-Out and Hybrid Tea roses this month, but wait until after blooming to prune your climbing roses.  Also wait to prune any other roses that only bloom in the Spring until after they bloom.
  • It’s time to plant a cool season vegetable garden.

MARCH

  • Visit the garden center!  Now is a great time to shop for new and exciting plants.
  • Water in Bonide Tree & Shrub, a 12 month insect preventer on plant materials with pest problems such as azaleas and will help protect against borers.
  • This is a good time to plant cool season vegetable garden with broccoli, lettuce, cabbage, onion, potato and spinach. Herbs parsley and cilantro also like these cooler temperatures.
  • Trim the old growth off evergreen groundcovers like liriope and mondo grass before the new growth gets too tall.
  • Prepare the soil in your landscape beds with soil amendments such as lime and organic material.
  • Prune boxwoods, hollies and other evergreen shrubs this month or early April.

APRIL

  • This is the month for the seasonal color change-outs! Don’t forget to fertilize with blooming plant food at planting with Ferti-Lome Bedding Plant Food.
  • Go through your sprinkler system and make necessary adjustments.
  • When your lawn has broken dormancy, fertilize lawns and landscape areas with slow-release Nitrogen fertilizer.
  • You can plant more vegetables now; even some of the warm season ones like tomatoes and peppers.
  • New plants are arriving daily at The Good Earth, so stop by regularly to look at all the new goodies!

MAY

  • Prune forsythia, azaleas and other spring blooming plants when they finish blooming.
  • Break those overwintered plants out of the house! Anytime after the middle of the month should be fine, but watch out for a late freeze.  Tropicals will grow best this season with a good pruning, repotting and regular fertilizer.
  • The soil temperature is warm enough now; plant those summer bulbs!
  • There is still time to plant warm season vegetables like tomatoes and all kinds of herbs.
  • Apply fertilizer to your landscape beds, such as Ferti-Lome Start-N-Grow.
  • Fertilize azaleas monthly until the end of August.
  • Check your landscape for fire-ants and treat if necessary.
  • Be on the lookout for insects such as lacebugs on azaleas, and bagworms on junipers and arborvitaeas and treat to avoid severe plant damage.

JUNE

  • Fertilize lawns with slow-release high Nitrogen fertilizer.  Ex. FertiLome Lawn Food Plus Iron
  • Treat existing weeds in lawn areas and landscape beds with a post-emergeant herbicide.
  • Re-apply bloom inducing fertilizer on annual color.
  • Treat lawn for grubs with Hi Yield Grub Free Zone II.
  • If you don’t have enough color in your landscape, there is still time to plant annuals.  And tropicals like hibiscus always provide an extra punch of color!
  • It’s a great time to visit the local farmers market!
  • Be on the lookout for foliar diseases such as powdery mildew on crape myrtles and dogwoods.  Roses are susceptible to black spot; treat with Bayer Rose & Flower Care, which fertilizes, and treats for both diseasas and insects.
  • Removing the old blooms on perennials such as buddleia will increase continues blooming.
  • Treat evergreens such as junipers, arborvitae, Italian cypress and leyland cypress for bagworms with products containing thuricide or bacillus thuringiensis in early June.
  • Treat thin barked trees such as Japanese maples, maples, ornamental cherries and plums, and dogwoods with 38 Plus.

JULY

  • Prune hydrangeas and gardenias now, before they start setting next years’ blooms!
  • Give annuals and perennials a haircut if needed.
  • Keep fertilizing annuals with BR-61 (water soluble) or Osmocote (slow release beads).
  • Water lawns early in the day before plants get stressed.
  • Monitor vegetables for insect and disease and treat as needed.

AUGUST

  • Water, water, water!  Monitor how much water you are applying by placing a small container in the lawn area; the goal is 1.5 inches per week, and infrequent deep waterings are better for your lawn than daily shorter waterings.  To cut down on water run-off, instead of watering for 30 minutes at one time, water in 3 10 minute segments.
  • There are many ways to increase your sprinkler system efficiency, check with our specialist for modification ideas.
  • Watering early in the morning before 5:30 am before plants get heat stressed.
  • After this month, stop applying Nitrogen fertilizer to azaleas and other shrubs.
  • Spot treat weeds in lawns.

SEPTEMBER

  • As the weather cools, the time for cool season annuals arrives!  Remove summer color and work the soil, amending as needed, and plant your fall color.
  • Fertilize your lawn areas with Milorganite but be sure to water well beforehand and then lightly afterward.
  • Treat for grubs again.
  • Apply pre-emerge in lawns and landscape beds every 60 to 90 days to prevent weed seeds from germinating.
  • When the weather begins to cool, treat thin barked trees for borers with 38 Plus.
  • Fertilize trees and shrubs with Start & Grow or mycorrhizae tree spikes.

OCTOBER

  • Apply winterizer on lawn areas, and pre-emergeant for winter weeds.
  • If you haven’t planted fall color such as pansies and violas, go for it!
  • Spray hard to kill weeds like nutgrass and onions.
  • Fall is a great time for planting trees and shrubs and The Good Earth is fully stocked!  Apply root stimulator or Bio Tone Starter Plus at planting.
  • It’s time to plant your spring bulbs like daffodils and tulips.  Remember to apply bone meal when planting.
  • Move your tropicals and houseplants back indoors after cleaning them up and checking for insects.

NOVEMBER

  • Re-arrange your garden as needed; now is the time for transplanting!
  • You can still plant fall annuals!
  • There is still time to plant your spring bulbs like daffodils and tulips.  Remember to apply bone meal when planting.
  • Winterize your sprinkler system, but watch out for cold snaps.  Water plants before extended periods of freezing temperatures.
  • There is still time to plant shrubs, groundcovers, and trees!
  • If your plants didn’t get much fertilizer this past growing season, you can put down a slow release nitrogen fertilizer such as cottonseed meal.

DECEMBER

  • Remove those leaves!  Leaving leaves on lawns can cause them to thin out.
  • Now is a great time to lime!  Check the pH of your soil and amend as needed.
  • Feed your feathered friends!  Birds could use a little extra food now.
  • Check out The Good Earth selection of Christmas trees, wreaths, and poinsettias!
  • Need a little heat? Chimineas and firepits are great outdoor-gathering features.